Monday, September 30, 2019
Many religions of the world have eight elements in common. The elements are a belief system, community, central myths, ritual, ethics, characteristic emotional experiences, material expression, and sacredness. These elements help shape religions and the people who believe in them. In this paper I discuss how these elements are similar or how they differ in each of a few of indigenous religions. Unique in their own way there are numerous religious traditions, some of the religion traditions include: Buddhism Ã¢â¬â this is a means of existing based on the experience of Siddhartha Gautama, Christianity Ã¢â¬â earthÃ¢â¬â¢s largest belief, foundation of Jesus Christ teachings, Hinduism Ã¢â¬â collection of faiths, embedded in the religious thoughts of India. Islam Ã¢â¬â discovered by the Prophet Muhammad. These religious traditions along with numerous others vary from each other, but they serve the same purpose. A relationship with the divine is essential in all beliefs of religion without communication and connection with the divine, the challenges, tribulations and experiences encountered daily becomes difficult to handle because the testing of his or her faith and being disobedient to the word of God. The relationship as well as the fellowship with the divine helps him or her to walk in the light and to live in total honesty toward God as well as with each other, without the consistent relationship and fellowship it causes he or she to be out of character and have broken fellowship with the divine. Sacred time is the Ã¢â¬Å"time of eternityÃ¢â¬ (Molloy, 2010, p. 43). The schedule or activities that he or she encounters daily is determine by the effective use of the clock throughout our lives. Within the religious sector sacred time for numerous religions is valued in different ways. Sacred time allows the believer to come in contact with his or her thought of being set apart. Religion provides an individual the sense of purpose for living and security. The belief in a higher power provides comfort to a human. The knowledge of how we began tells us the reason why we are here and where we are going. This knowledge or awareness is often the driving force behind theÃ belief of one God, a supreme being, or some call it the sacred. Let us have a look at Christianity and its teachings, and how the Christians are organized. During this process one will see the relationship between Christianity and other religions. The origin of each of the tales in these special books is determined to have begun with a prophet who communicated directly with God. Some of the stories appear to have a mythical origin. For example, in the Bible, Jesus (May peace and blessings be upon him) is believed to have died and risen from the dead again. References Molloy, M.. (2010). Experiencing the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s religions: Traditions, challenge, and change. Retrieved from Molloy, M., REL/133 website.
Sunday, September 29, 2019
Health and Safety play a very important role in the workplace today. Many organizations take the responsibility of their employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ safety and health seriously due to the various affects that could stem from a lack of providing a safe work environment. During the 20th century our nation has become a world leader in setting an example for the world involving the workers right to a safe and healthy environment. Because of the various laws and research conducted in the United States, there have been countless number of accidents that have been prevented and thousands of lives saved because of awareness. I, being a Safety Coordinator and a workplace accident survivor, know firsthand the importance of safety in the workplace and the negative outcome for employees and organizations that do not practice a safe work environment. I would like to take this time to give a little information on my personal experience on workplace accidents and the importance of safety in that environment. In 2007 I was employed as a bridge carpenter working for a large construction company in Biloxi, MS. As a bridge carpenter is was exposed to many dangerous and high risk situations that put my life at risk on an everyday basis. I felt this company actually cared about the safety of their employees. We were provided with every piece of safety equipment that was needed to perform our job as safely as possible. The equipment was fairly new and OSHA approved. If it was found to be inadequate, it was immediately removed out of service and either fixed or replaced. Not to mention every morning we conducted toolbox safety meeting and equipment inspections. This particular day of my near fatal accident, we were setting rebar cages for columns maybe 30 to 40 feet in height. It was my responsibility to climb the cage, after it was set on the footer with a crane, to unhook the rigging from the crane. I had all the proper PPE (personal protective equipment) on and the cage had been secured at th e bottom by come along rigging devices. As I climbed the cage and Unhooked the rigging from the crane, the cage began to sway from side to side. Before I could start my descent, the cage and myself still attached to it with three different positioning, fell in the water, which by the way was the Gulf of Mexico. As my feet touched the bottom I began to panic and fight to free myself by unhooking myself from the cage. Several of my co workers jumped in the water to rescue me, but they were unable to locate my body. But they were able to locate the cage I was attached to. Thanks to quick thinking they were able to hook the crane cables back to the cage and hoist the cage and I out of the water successfully. But by this time I was not breathing and had no pulse. They lowered me on a crew boat and began to perform CPR. The CPR was unsuccessful so they began to take me to the dock where the ambulance was awaiting my arrival. During the time of the boat ride, I suddenly began to cough up water and slowly came to my senses. I was taken to the hospital and was blessed that I did not sustain any major injuries. During the accident investigation it was found that the cage we were setting was not the correct one for that particular footing and one of the come along holding it in place was functioning properly to catch the cage as it began to fall. This is when I actually began to take workplace safety seriously and start my career in that field. During the course of this paper it is my intent to present key components of workplace safety and health and provide new insight and personal experience that has and will affect my career and personal life and lives of those around me. The Role of Safety and Health in the Workplace Workplace safety is the practice of an employer using preventative measures to prevent hazards to the employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ health and personal safety. This practice includes creating plans and procedures for employees and managers in the workplace. In addition, workplace safety involves creating policies and keeping emergency materials available for employee and manager use while at a work site. Workplace safety has caused strikes, contract negotiations and concerns among the different labor unions. These groups have negotiated union contracts and initiated lawsuits on behalf of workers who have an unsafe workplace. The Union Auto Workers created Ã¢â¬Å"WorkersÃ¢â¬â¢ Memorial DayÃ¢â¬ as a day to honor workers who are killed on the job in the United States. David Micheals, the new head of OSHA, made this profound statement Ã¢â¬Å"these catastrophic events are powerful reminders of the risks faced by workers across the country every day. Fourteen workers die on the job each day, far from the headlines, often noted only by their families, friends, and co-workers.Ã¢â¬ (Markowitz & Rosner, 2011, p.26) Manufacturing jobs are heavily mentioned on this day due to the dangers of operating machinery or equipment. Workplace safety in many businesses requires additional training for the employees and management. This can include a lecture by an expert, hand-on training or a tour of the grounds and materials. For example, an employee whose job requires the use of a machine is not only trained to use the machine, but he is typically trained on how to operate machinery to avoid injury, dismemberment or death. The employee can also be trained on what to do if a co-worker injures herself on the job. As I stated in the introduction of this paper, I know firsthand the importance of safety and health in the workplace. By understanding the role of workplace safety and its history, employers and employees are able to apply these safety concepts to their everyday work related routines. I have learned that workplace safety and health reach far beyond the OSHA Act of 1970. Safety involves adopting a way of thinking and a way of functioning in all environments. Organizations such as unions have fought for workers right to a safety and healthy work environment. The campaigns they have fought so diligently to win have proven to be effective in fighting diseases like tuberculosis, typhoid, and smallpox that not only for the workplace but also for the general public. (Markowitz & Rosner, 2011, p.27) Occupational Safety and Health Administration In 1970 Congress passed into law The Occupational Safety and Health Act which formed the Occupational Safety and Health Administration or (OSHA). This act Ã¢â¬Å"declared that every worker is entitled to safe and healthful working conditions, and that employers are responsible for work being free from all recognized hazardsÃ¢â¬ .(Silverstein, 2008, p.416) Even forty years later, many people still do not believe that OSHA is up holding the standard in workplace safety and health for which it was designed to do. Today a worker still becomes injured or sick from a dangerous job every 2.5 seconds plus a worker dies from a workplace injury or illness every 8 minutes. The National Institute for Occupational Safety, also known as NIOSH, has authority for workplace safety and health matters at federal workplace locations. In the federal workplace environment, NIOSH has an enforcement authority that corresponds to the authority OSHA exercises over workplaces operated by private sector emplo yers. In some instances, state-run programs supersede OSHA authority, and the Occupational and Safety and Health Act of 1970 encourages the development and operation by individual states of workplace safety and health programs. However, to qualify for this exemption to OSHA authority, a state-run program must establish standards and enforcement criteria that match or exceed the effectiveness of the federal OSHA program. As of April 2010, 26 states and U.S. territories have such programs in place with 23 of those 26 covering state and local government workplaces as well as workplaces operated by private sector employers. The Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 established mandatory health and safety standards and directed the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare and the Secretary of Labor to create improved health and safety standards to protect the health and welfare of coal miners in the U.S. The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) established a national minimum wage, guaranteed time-and-a-half for overtime in certain types of jobs, and prohibited employers from hiring minors. Today the FLSA helps to enforce and protect the rights and wages of non-exempt employees. I do not have much experience working directly with OSHA but as an OSHA outreach trainer, I have become accustom to understand the importance and impact they can and do have in a workplace environment. Working as a safety coordinator for several different contractors has given me an insight as to how some organizations adhere to OSHA regulations and how other organizations do not. With this insight and from knowledge gained from this course, I see that we still need stay focused on continuous safety awareness and to ensure OSHA enforces the laws and regulations for violators. By understanding the history and the need for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration in our society, I have a greater enthusiasm to perform my job functions as a safety coordinator at a higher level and expect the people around me to adhere to the same level of faithfulness. Safety Issues In The Workplace Safety issues are an important topic in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s workplace, especially with the rise in accidents in places of work and business. Accidents may often be small, but they can also lead to life-altering results such as mutilation and even death. The most common type of safety issue in workplaces relates to tripping and falling, however, there are many other causes to be considered. An organization with a superior policy for dealing with safety issues should be considering topics such as ergonomics and the arrangement of the space so that the tasks best fit the people who complete them. In this discussion the focus will be on three in particular which are repetitive stress injuries, workplace stress, and substance abuse. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, there are many jobs that require sitting at a work station all day. Employees that perform these types of jobs run a higher risk of being injured by chronic and repetitive motion task, like typing on a keyboard, eyestrains, lifting or mov ement injuries, poor ergonomics or workstation accidents. (Lowe, 2012, p.104) Majority of musculoskeletal injuries and pain affecting office workers are a result of sitting for long periods in the same position performing the same or repetitive motions. I have learned that the key to prevention and treatment of these problems is reducing muscle and tendon overuse. A great method to reduce these injuries from happening would be massage therapy. Massage therapy allows the tendons to release pressure that has built up throughout the day or work hours. Another treatment method would be employees do daily stretches at their workstation. When I began working as a carpenter, every morning we would start the day out by doing a series of stretches to loosen our muscle the same way an individual would if they were preparing to exercise. Work related stress is another major safety issue that affects the workplace. Workplace stressors like interpersonal conflict and work overload can have a profound effect on the health of an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s employees. Ã¢â¬Å"Findings indicate that work overload and interpersonal conflict mediate the impact of role stress on emotional exhaustion, job attitudes, and behaviors.Ã¢â¬ (Boles, Jaramillo, Mulki, 2011, p.329) Interpersonal conflict happens due to the negative social interactions between co-workers in the workplace. Also interpersonal conflict is one of the most important stressors at work due to the effect it has on employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ emotions and their ability to work as a team. Work overload is the employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ perception that the job is placing excessive work demands on them. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s workforce employees are pressured to deliver greater output while using fewer resources. Overloaded individuals often experience feelings of impatience and being rushed, which in turn affects the quality of their interactions with co-workers. Ã¢â¬Å"Because of rising unemployment rates, layoff survivors are more likely to experience larger workloads because they now perform both their former workload and that of those who left.Ã¢â¬ (Boles, Jaramillo, Mulki, 2011, p.329) From my experience interpersonal conflict and work overload can have a big impact on the health of all employees with no regard to title, pay grade, or seniority. These stressors can cause emotional, mental, and physical health issues for all they affect. Through newly found knowledge, I have gained a greater understanding of the effects that workplace stress can have on an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s employees and how they interact with one another. Organizations can counteract these stressors by providing additional support to individuals who are being affected by these workplace stressors and conducting workload/interpersonal conflict evaluations bi annually. Ã¢â¬Å"Handling problems of substance use and abuse at work are some of the most challenging issue s confronting employers.Ã¢â¬ (Dwoskin, 2012, p. 32) The law requires employers to provide a safe, healthy and productive work environment to employees, but it also requires employers accommodate the needs of substance abusing employees. This could cause a conflict, because the substance abusing employees may be causing the health and safety issues in the workplace. Employers have the right to insist on a drug and alcohol free workplace and to take disciplinary action against individuals who violate the zero tolerance rules. Under the law Ã¢â¬Å"employers may hold alcoholics and recovering addicts to the same performance standards as other employees.Ã¢â¬ (Dwoskin, 2012, p.32) This means that employees that abuse drugs and alcohol may be discharged or held to disciplinary action based on tardiness, absenteeism, and poor job performance. But on the other hand, the ADA says they cannot be discriminated against if they are found to be disabled. The ADA defines discrimination as Ã¢â¬Å"not making reasonable accommodations to the known physical or mental limitations of an otherwise qualified individual with a disabilityÃ¢â¬ (Dwoskin, 2012, p.34) During the course of my research of this particular issue, I learned effect that substance abuse in the workplace can have on the safety of that individual and the people around them. I also learned that in certain situations that a person abusing drugs and alcohol can be protected by the ADA if they are found to be disabled and the employer must accommodate their disability in the workplace. I have known several instances where employees have failed random drug screens and have been able to keep their jobs. But in those instances the employer required the employee to seek professional help in dealing with their addiction. Safety Programs Ã¢â¬Å"A safety program can best be described as a dynamic set of intervention activities implemented at a worksite where the aim is to prevent incidents and accidents at the workplaceÃ¢â¬ (Bjerkan, Olsen, Naevestad, 2009, p.391) These safety programs are usually comprised of activities such as safety training, equipment and housekeeping inspections, safety meetings, and safe behavior observations. There are five key components to a properly structured safety incentive program. The first component involves using an entire campaign to promote your program by building teamwork thru interaction with the employees. The next component is establishing an award vehicle that should be handed out weekly. The third component states to award employees with merchandise rather than money. Usually when employees receive money as a reward they tend to forget the reward and wee the money went to. But when an employee is rewarded with merchandise, they can recall how they received it and this enco urages them to win again. The fourth component says to promote the program using items such as posters, caps, balloons, newsletters, flyers, parties, and company drawings. The last component states to make everyone a winner. It might seem to cost more, but it will pay off in the long run by promoting the idea that everyone that practices safety in the workplace is a winner. Wellness is a lifestyle that encourages good physical and mental health. It is a balanced lifestyle that includes an emphasis on the body, mind and spirit. Wellness Programs were created to encourage all faculty, staff, and retirees to live healthier lifestyles and create a culture of health throughout the organization. Workplace wellness includes organizational policies designed to facilitate employee health including allowing flex time for exercise, providing on-site kitchen and eating areas, offering healthy food options in vending machines, holding Ã¢â¬Å"walk and talkÃ¢â¬ meetings, and offering financial and other incentives for pa rticipation, among many other options. In the course of researching safety programs, I have learned new techniques that will enhance my knowledge in designing safety programs in the future. Working of several different companies has allowed me to be exposed to different types of safety incentive programs. I have seen what does work and also what does not work. During the course of this paper it was my intention to present key components of workplace safety and health and provide new insight and personal experience that has and will affect my career and personal life and lives of those around me. By exploring the role of safety and health in the workplace I have gained greater understanding of its history. I can now assist employers and employees to apply these safety concepts to their everyday work related routines. In researching OSHA, I discovered a greater knowledge of the importance of the OSHA Act of 1970 and the administrative offices that have developed from the Act. Offices such as OSHA and NIOSH were established to up hold the laws and standards set by the OSHA Act in the workplace. My knowledge has grown during the development of this paper which has allowed me to view different aspects of safety and health that I previously did not have knowledge of. References Dwoskin, L.L. (2012). Substance Abuse in the Workplace: ADA and FMLA Issues to Consider, Part II. Employee Benefit Plan Review, 66(8), 32-38 Jaramillo, F., Mulki, J., & Boles, J. S. (2011). WORKPLACE STRESSORS, JOB ATTITUDE, AND JOB BEHAVIORS: IS INTERPERSONAL CONFLICT THE MISSING LINK? Journal of Personal Selling & Sales Management, 31(3), 339-356 Lowe, W. (2012). Keying Into Office Worker Injuries. Massage & Bodywork, 27(4), 104-107 Markowitz, G., & Rosner, D. (20110. FROM THE TRIANGLE FIRE TO THE BP EXPLOSION: A Short History of the Century-Long Movement for Safety and Health. New Labor Forum (Murphy Institute), 20(1), 26-32. Doi10.4179/NLF.201.0000005 Moran, R.E. (2012). WORKPLACE SAFETY AND HEALTH: Better OSHA Guidance Needed On Safety Incentive Programs. GAO Reports, 1-46 Olsen, E., Bjerkan, A., & Naevestad, T. (2009). Modeling the effects of a large-scale safety Culture programme: a combined qualitative and quantitative approach. Journal Of Risk research, 12 Silverstein, M. (2008). Getting Home Safe and Sound: Occupational Safety and Health Administration at 38: American Journal Of Public Health, 98(3), 416-423 Stanley, J. (2012). OshaÃ¢â¬â¢s Warning on Safety Incentive Programs Are Wide of the Mark. EHS Today; Vol. 5 Issue 10, p. 63-64
Saturday, September 28, 2019
An Analysis of the Characters of Liliana Hecker's Short Story The Stolen Party The characters in the short story, The Stolen Party demonstrate striking differences in their values and beliefs. Each character displays unique traits. It is these unique traits, which illustrate different aspects of society. Each character then, represents a portion of the values and beliefs of todays society. Rosaura is the main character of this writing. The story revolves around her from start to finish. Rosaura is an inexperienced young girl. This story opens with an argument between Rosaura and her mother. Rosaura wants to go to Lucianas birthday party. Luciana is in a wealthy family so Rosauras mother disapproves of her daughters attending the party. In the first few sentences the author makes it evident that Rosaura is financially challenged. Rosauras mother says, I dont like you going because it is a rich peoples party. This one sentence already tells me that they are probably not very wealthy. In addition Rosaura is an inexperienced young girl. She is not tarnished by the belief that everyone should be judged according to his or her financial worth. She, unlike her mother, judges people by who they are and not by how much money they have. When Rosauras mother states, you should not fart higher than your own ass she shows that she feels below those who are wealthy. Rosauras argum ent shows that she does not feel bound by her financial status. Her financial state isnt even an issue to her. She says that she wants to go because she is a friend of Luciana and because she was invited. The author also demonstrates Rosauras openness in the first few paragraphs of the story. Since Rosaura is only nine years old she has no prior experience of prejudice. She does not realize that her mother might be right about her assumption that not everyone will accept her at the party and treat her with the same respect. The author begins the story by demonstrating how much Rosauras mother loathes the rich. Her disapproval of her daughters attending the birthday party, expresses some hidden anger and maybe even jealousy towards those who are wealthy. Rosauras mother feels lower than Luceanas family. She feels that a persons financial status determines whom a person can associate with. The author eventually reveals that Rosauras mother is a maid. Because her job does not pay very high wages she feels inferior to Lucianas family. Her feelings of hostility toward the wealthy might come from years of prejudice. Rosauras mother constantly feels bound by her financial situation. Rosauras mother does not want her daughter going to the party because she is the daughter of humble maid. She feels that her daughter will not be looked upon as an equal, no matter what. Rosauras mother states, That ones not your friend. You know what you are to them? The maids daughter, thats what. But no matter how strongly Ros auras mother feels about this, she is willing to let her daughter go to the party. This demonstrates the unconditional love she has for her daughter. There are some characters in this story that are not developed as well as Rosaura and her mother. One of these characters is Luciana. Luciana is very similar to Rosaura in that she sees everyone as an equal. She does not consider Rosaura to be different from any of her other friends. She never considers Rosauras financial situation to be important. She treats Rosaura like all of her other friends. Another character, which is not covered in depth, is Lucianas cousin. She is brought into this story through an argument with Rosaura. Lucianas cousin doesnt know Rosaura but she feels inclined to start an argument with her anyway. Lucianas cousin begins to question Rosaura. She questions the fact that Rosaura is a friend of Luciana. Lucianas cousin seems to think that she is better than Rosaura. This shows the reader the first clues that Rosauras mother could have been right about wealthy people not accepting Rosaura. Another character that is only introduced briefly is the magician. The author does not get into his personality or values but it is made clear that he sees all of the children as equal. The last character that is introduced is Senora Ines. Once again the author does not develop her in depth. The author places her in the story in order to demonstrate the prejudice, which Rosauras mother had described. Senora Ines offers Rosaura money at the end of the party rather than a small gift. This demonstrates to Rosaura that she is, in fact, looked upon as being different from the other children. Each character in this story demonstrates an aspect of society today. Rosaura signifies the unsuspecting poor child. She represents the fact that a person usually does not develop stereotypes until they have experienced many of the aspects of life. Rosauras mother is placed in the story to illustrate another fact about todays society. Rosauras mother demonstrates that society influences the way a person thinks. She shows that from years of experience she has developed a pattern of stereotyping wealthy people. Luciana represents the wealthy part of society that does not see less fortunate people as being different. She, like Rosaura, does not stereotype people because of their financial worth. Lucianas cousin, on the other hand, demonstrates that part of the wealthy population that feels superior to the financially challenged. The magician in this story represents someone like a priest or a charity worker. He sees all of the kids at the party as equals. He is willing to let any of t hem participate in his magic. Senora Ines plays the part of society that feels obligated to offer charity to those who are less fortunate. The author not only writes a very interesting story but also provides an important message regarding society. People are too concerned with money in todays society. If we could all remain innocent (such as Rosaura and Luciana) and never become prejudice towards others the world would be a better place. Everyone would be judged according to who they are and not by what they posses.
Friday, September 27, 2019
Perfection Era - Research Paper Example Given such statement, women was regarded to be the light of every home. Each woman sees to it that their time is primarily devoted to their families and that culture made them the greatest possesion of every home. Thus, relative to this, it also shows that women is knowledgeable, skillfull and dedicated enough to do whatever task is attended to her which therefore confides that such notion can never be set aside and women can strike to deliver great changes. Consequently there was a paradigm shift on this as women started to make their own marks in the industry. One of which is in the world of literary arts. Not only that women excelled as novelists of their time but also women took efforts in teaching and nurturing in the academe of literary arts. This urgency stirred the liberate side of women as they can expressly divulge themselves through the novels, journals and articles that they write. Thus, it also restrained them due to the demands of their responsibilites for their familit ies alongside with the duties that their careers expects from them. They have to balance both responsibilities unto their hands which gave them extra challenge as they face their lives. Likewise, as women slowly unfolds diversities and starting to make a difference, abolitionists also quirked their thirst for accomplishing better. During the second great awakening, abolitionists did end the slavery days of the slaves. Social, political and religous concerns were brought up in a more provocative manner. They took a stand to voice out and fight for what they believe is in the realms of being humane and rightful. Pervertively, such actions also triggered social problems that somewhat worsen the situation due to the abrupt provocative fight of abolitionists. One evident example of the role of the second great awakening in the accompishments made by women and abolitionists is this, Ã¢â¬Å"1834 had been the year of the Lane debates and the Lane rebels much discussed in the abolitionist pr ess. Mob violence against abolitionist speakers and literature was everywhere. In August 1835, Angelina GrimkAÃ © addressed the Anti-Slavery Convention of American Women at the Hall, while a mob stoned the windows. That night, mob arsonists burned the brand new Hall to the ground. I started out by saying that I would discuss the role of Seneca County in these movements, and here we are dwelling upon the southerners, Sarah and Angelina GrimkAÃ © and the burning of Pennsylvania Hall in Philadelphia in 1838Ã¢â¬ ( Second Great Awakening n.d.). This shows that the awakening aggrevated the rallying emotions of the people. What seemed to be the exuding genuises of the abolitionists somehow thwart the opinion of the resisters. We can now therefore conclude that women and abolitionists are seemingly quiet at first but when time gave them the chance to be heard everything turned upsidedown. Thus, its a good way of promoting equality and equilibrium in the society. One cannot truly say tha t a specific gender or group is superior than the other. We are made equally therefore we should all be treated with equal chances. With what happened in the second awakening it opened the avenue for more democratic state of the people. From the slightest thing up to the most
Thursday, September 26, 2019
Webmonkey 2 - Essay Example The weightage given to each of the respective users mentioned above would be such that the portal would be accessed 85% by students, mainly current students. Then around 14% of the siteÃ¢â¬â¢s usage would be by the course instructors and facilitators and lastly the parents of prospective students may access the site for information acquisition. This last accessing of the website would be about 1% of the siteÃ¢â¬â¢s total access. The students would attempt to pursue information regarding the structure of programs and their respective course outlines. The details regarding the credit structure of the courses and their prospective time tables can also be pursued by prospective students. The current students would attempt to pursue their existing course enrollment possibilities by searching the list of courses there are eligible to take or those which are being offered to them. Moreover, the learning portal for the enrolled courses and the access to the virtual library would also be via the proposed system. The financial profile of the current students as well as their fee payment history would also be maintained as part of the current user profile menu and can be accessed whenever required by the students. The BSITM proposed website would be accessible to the students who have passed out. The history of their study tenure, the issuance of transcript and online library access would be available to such students. The Instructors would be handling the lecture disposition and assignment/quiz postings by students on the BSITM portal. The Instructors may even become a part of the online group discussions regarding their active courses. Other websites having similar domain topics like BSITM need to be evaluated for architectural strength. This would eventually create proper awareness of what other websites are up to. Browsing already done work often results in better thought streaming and enables generation of even better thoughts for
Business Law & Ethics - Assignment Example They also argue that the design of cyberspace disqualifies notice of prevailing law that is critical to the legitimacy of the law. On the contrary, cyberspace members are much better sanctioned than territorial watchdogs to formulate wide-ranging legal policies that would grant appropriate notice to cyberspace members and internalise the expenditures of cyberspace transactions. The regulation cynics assume from these claims that national regulators must Ã¢â¬Å"defer to the self-regulatory efforts of Cyberspace participantsÃ¢â¬ (Thierer & Crew 2003: 31). This paper will challenge the cynicÃ¢â¬â¢s claims and their assumptions, or more specifically, this paper will argue that the law of nations applies to the Internet. The cynics have three obvious mistakes. First, they overemphasise the dissimilarities between cyberspace activities and other transnational activities. Both entail individuals in actual space in one national jurisdiction negotiating with individuals in actual space in another national jurisdiction in a manner that at times brings about actual-world damages. Second, the cynics do not address the delineation between mandatory laws and default laws. Their absolute normative argument that self-regulation should be granted to cyberspace makes sense in relation to default laws that, theoretically, private factions can adjust to suit their needs (Spinello 2002). On the contrary, it makes much less logic in relation to regulatory or mandatory laws that, for protective justifications or in order to safeguard intermediaries, set restrictions on Ã¢â¬Ëprivate legal orderingÃ¢â¬â¢ (Spinello 2002: 101). Lastly, the cynics undervalue the capability of established legal instruments and technology to lighten the regulatory difficulties caused by cyberspace. Cyberspace activities do not naturally permit any more respect by territorial regulators, and are not considerably less opposed to the instruments of
Wednesday, September 25, 2019
Business law - Essay Example In public law, the government may either be implicated openly or not. Law is referred to as a private law when the government is not implicated in any way. This paper describes the differences and comparison between private law and public law. Differences between public law and private law There are a lot of differences between private law and public law. It is important to posit that all the descriptions established to define private law leaves out the government. The government is only involved in private law as an intermediary, negotiator, or the judge. The role of the government in public law differs from that of private law. In public law, the government is involved in a case as both the judge and the either complainant or the accused (Kelsen, 2009). There are other significant dissimilarities. Private law is essentially and fundamentally centralized rules and regulations. In contrast, public law is created and implemented by the government. Whereas private law may be similar in many regions, public law only has jurisdiction within the country it was created. However, there are some few private laws that do not fall under centralized rules and regulations on the basis of business. The statutes under public laws and regulations obligatory and compulsory hence are ought to be obeyed by individuals of the particular country they were created. They are also under the prudence of institutions in leadership in a country. According to Kelsen (2009, p. 202), Ã¢â¬Å"As a rule private law provisions are at the disposal of parties and can be derogated from, amended or waived by mutual contractual agreementsÃ¢â¬ . In private law, conformity and obedience of the law is imposed by the acts of the judiciary against an individual or institution. The government and top government officials are mandated by the law of the land to subject directives or ruling as well as give executive directives and instantaneously certify or warrant conformity. These executive directions a re mostly implemented by the law enforcers (Kleinmann, 2005). Conformity of executive directives can also be warranted through fines devoid of the acquisition of an order from the judiciary. In elucidating the differences between private and public law, it is important to differentiate between the conventional parts of private law and those of public law. In public law, conventional parts of the rules and regulations include rules and regulations of the constitution, executive rules, rules and regulations governing levies and tariffs, institutional rules, and rules on delinquency, and social security. Rules and regulations on social security comprise those governing indemnity systems. Executive rules and regulations comprise of rules on law enforcement and business operations. Other additional conventional parts on public law include rewards, environmental regulations, and regulations on biotechnology. Conventional parts on private law on the other hand include national or public ru les and regulations, and rules governing import and export of goods and services, liquidation, employment, unjust competition, personal indemnity, organizations, and manufacturing. Additional categories of private law include consumer protection, involvement of employees in the workplace, and legal responsibility on manufactured goods (Miller, 2011). Studies conducted in the past have however posited that it is very difficult to outline the difference between private a
Tuesday, September 24, 2019
Strategic thinking and making holistic and linear approach may assist longevity of organisation - Assignment Example A system is defined as an organised, unit which is wholly composed of two or even more interdependent components, subsystems which are delineated by environment identifiable bodies. Eg Mountain systems, river systems etc. The mission defines the organisations reasons for its existence. Goals are the functional divisions or general purposes of an organisation which are specific for the stakeholders as well as the client base of the company, Objectives are the measurable specific outcomes related to goals. Behaviour is defined as the ordinary task and productivity of the employees. Management control systems are composed of all organizational structure, processes, and subsystems which are designed to elicit the behavior that achieves the strategic objectives of an organization at the highest level of performance having the least amount of unintended consequences and risks to the concerned organization. Management control is all about achieving strategic objectives which must be achieved at superior levels of performance while minimizing chances of unintended consequence. Processes form the activities that ensure that the quality controls are accomplished. Subsystems provide the right incentives which are required to shape the behavior. The most important feature in open systems is that of communication. Communication serves as the vital link between the different processes and the internal as well as the external environment. Hence managers must pay stress on communication while devising strategies for their companies. This is important as absence of communication would render an organization to the closed state in which the organization would cease to exist. The managers should also lay stress on internal communication as well as external communication. Internal communication refers to the communication between the employees in the organization. The strategists should ensure that there is a good
Monday, September 23, 2019
Pre-contact ways of life, changes during contact, and colonialism - Essay Example Plus the veracity that until of late, non-indigenous academics made a substandard work of projecting what the statistics might have been for native peoples before contact. Crucial attempts at identifying these figures were first made in the late 19th and early in the 20th centuries, only as the scientific examination of natives was starting. Across Canada in the early decades of 20th century, government survey numbers for profile Indians put them at just somewhat more than 100,000. This on the other hand seemed logical to the anthropologist and others attempting to compute pre-contact population. Understanding what they did about current levels of population reduction, to project that the figures earlier had been two and three-times what they were in their recent time. The later decades of the 20th century, academics projects have increased progressively, stimulated in specific by an expanding acknowledgement that the figures of deaths as a result of European ill-nesses, specifically in the southern hemisphere, was enormous. Additional proof of originally high native populations has also emanated from the progressive improvement of archaeology, which shows both human occupancy of northern North American took place earlier than once imagined and that pre-contact population were elevated than originally computed. Academics now presume with fair sum of confidence that the transience level of the natives of the western hemisphere between first contacts and the latter 29th century was high as 90% or 95% (Sturm, 2012). At the modern time, projects of sum native populations throughout Canada vary up to 1 million, and there are yet deduces that has placed the figures at as much as 2 million. In this respect, all such projections must be utilized with vigilance; however, what is succinct is that there were large figures of native inhabitant across the western hemisphere, as well as European and European American and Canada. In the pre-contact epoch, native populations w ere scattered unequally throughout the Canadian terrain, population concentration ranging according to the potential of the lands to support human life. Throughout the northern territories, Arctic expanses expanding from Labrador to the Beaufort Sea were a sequence of Inuit natives. These indigenous locals were the most modern migrants from Asia, penetrating into North America from Siberia approximately five-thousand years before and progressively scattering the continent from Greenland to Alaska and Siberia. Inside of Canada, the Labrador Inuit had settled along Labrador cost to Hudson Bay; only a little arrangements on the southern part of Baffin Island were found (Oswalt, 2002). A number of Algonquian cohorts who relied upon chiefly hunting, gathering, fishing, and trading were found within the territories of south of the Labrador Inuit. Beothuk who
Saturday, September 21, 2019
Explain how the closer relations with Hitler Essay MussoliniÃ¢â¬â¢s closer relations with Hitler certainly contributed to their defeat in the Second World War. It was because of Germany that Italy felt pressured to join the war in the first place. The scale of the German victories of the autumn of 1939 and the early summer of 1940 stimulated MussoliniÃ¢â¬â¢s greed. There was now the prospect of large rewards if Italy joined the war on GermanyÃ¢â¬â¢s side. It appeared that the war would soon be won by Germany. It was, therefore, imperative to Ã¢â¬ËassistÃ¢â¬â¢ Germany before the opportunity to gain economically and territorial gains from the war was lost. He feared being isolated in a German dominated Europe. Militarily, Germany was not a trustworthy ally. Mussolini pushed ahead with the Ã¢â¬Ëparallel warÃ¢â¬â¢ despite the fact that Germany was unlikely to co-operate with Italian desire for French colonies. Hitler was unwilling to hand FranceÃ¢â¬â¢s North African colonies to Italy, preferring to leave them and the French Med fleet under the puppet Vichy regime to ensure the latterÃ¢â¬â¢s permanent collaboration. Furthermore, Italy attacked Greece in 1940, interestingly in part because the Greek government was too friendly to Germany for Mussolinis liking. It could also be said that the German Italian Alliance contributed to the ItalianÃ¢â¬â¢s failure in North Africa. HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s priority became the Russian Front which involved drawing off German troops and supplies from North Africa. This sealed ItalyÃ¢â¬â¢s fate. The German alliance had a poor economic effect on Italy as well. The regime had given little thought to the problem of large-scale armaments production during war time, with strategic materials, notably coal and iron ore, having to be imported from Germany and German occupied territories. Despite the pre-war policy of encouraging autarky, the Italian economy was far from self-sufficient in 1940. There was a 35% decrease in industrial production and a 25% reduction in agriculture as peasants were being conscripted. This led to a fall of 20% in Italian steel production between 1940 and 1942, with result that losses, particularly in tanks and aircraft, could not be replaced. As war began to go badly for the Axis, the Germans became increasingly reluctant to divert such scarce resources to their ineffectual Italian allies. This put further strain on the already over-stretched Italian economy. Furthermore, the German alliance only increased the disillusionment the Italian people felt towards the war. The German alliance had always been unpopular, illustrated by GrandiÃ¢â¬â¢s comment of July, 1943: Ã¢â¬Å"You believe that you have the devotion of the peopleÃ¢â¬ ¦You lost it the day you tied Italy to Germany. Ã¢â¬ Elements within the Fascist Party, the army, the Vatican and the Royal Household began considering alternatives culminating in the July coup of 1943. On 8th September, 1943, ItalyÃ¢â¬â¢s new government officially surrendered to the Allies. The Germans, however, occupied North Italy and delayed final victory for the next 18 months. To conclude, the German alliance was detrimental to ItalyÃ¢â¬â¢s war effort and contributed greatly to their loss.
Friday, September 20, 2019
Toyota Contemporary Business And Management Management Essay Toyota massive recalls and quality issues have become the serious concern for the company total quality management principle Toyota Way. Toyota company overview Toyota came into existence from year 1867 with headquartered in Japan. Toyota moved its some operation in 1957 to North America sub division. The companys main primary business is in automobile production. Toyota has brand name and the company became the market leader in the auto sales. The Toyota has geographical presence around the world in North America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Latin America and Middle East. The Toyota sales and production graph is shown below for geographically location of Europe. This graph shows the market position of Toyota from year 2005 to year 2009. As it is shown in the graph Toyota has major portion of market share in auto industry and the Toyota is loosing the edge of leader as the graph shows the sales in 2009 is going downward. This sales trend is not a good sign for the Toyota future and shows the some problems facing by Auto market leader. (Toyota, 2010c) Europe market Sales history Ultra Luxury Bentley, Ferrari, Lamborghini The auto industry overview can be summarized in the strategic groups of market makers in the auto industry are shown in the graph below. Luxury Acura, BMW, Lexus, Mercedes, Porsche Cost/ Price Mass Market Chrysler, Ford, GM, Honda, Hyundai, Nissan, Toyota, Volkswagens Prestige Toyota has a long history of success and it is usually termed as the most profitable automaker and provides best auto performance in the industry. In 2007, Toyota sold 9.4 million vehicles globally only about 3,000 fewer than General motors (GM) Toyota quality issues But with series of success and market reputation, in recent years, Toyota has facing serious issues with quality, defects in cars and massive recall of different models around the world. All these issues have put a serious concern for the reliability on Toyota model. The sales have dropped and Company is facing series of law suits and challenges with more recalls. Toyota consumers are not very happy with quality issues in Toyota product. (Kageyama, 2010) Literature Review TQM concept is utilized around the world by organization to achieve the competitive advantage and to get improved financial results. (Edge man, 2006) TQM concerned about the total quality management of the organization from supplier to customer. Edward Deming provides 14points on how to implement TQM in the organization. In literature it is also used Japanese term Kaizen for the continuous improvement to achieve goals and improvement in business process. (Heizer Render, 2008, p.198-200) The points are listed as below: Create consistency of purpose Focus to bring change Build quality into product and service Build strong ties based on performance Continuous involvement in quality improvement activates Start training Emphasize leadership control and management Drive out fear Break down barrier between various departments to promote open communication. Respect workers Provide support, help and understanding Remove barriers Promote education and program of improvement Put everybody in workforce in the transformation track To analyze the problems with Toyota, lets contrast the Toyota TQM program named Toyota way with these 14 principles to determine the reasons for the quality issues. Toyota way is guiding principles prepared by the president of Toyota Group Fuji Cho (2003). The principle states that these principles are tools for people and the principles are more centric for people suggestion that actually bring the improvement and quality in production and service.( Fuji Cho, 2003) 14 principles of Toyota Way Comparison with Deming Theory Make decision based on long term strategy even in case of short term loss This is according to Deming principle of quality improvement. Right process will produce the right result Use pull production to produce only what is needed basically lean production strategy Level out work and eliminate waste Toyota laid the foundation of building first time right quality so that it does not need any future fix This is according to Deming principle of quality improvement Standardized task for continuous improvement and employee empowerment In accordance with Six Sigma and Deming Principle of TQM Use visual control so that no problems left unseen Use reliable and tested technology to serve people and process Develop leadership quality in employees and add value to organization This is according to Deming principle of quality improvement People should follow your company philosophy Respect and help networks of partners and suppliers to improve This is according to Deming principle of quality improvement Solving the problems from root Make decision slowly but implement it fast Learning organization with continuous improvement This is according to Deming principle of quality improvement and Six Sigma implementation steps The various components of TQM to make the effective TQM program are listed below: First component of continuous improvement is already taken care by Toyota Company. Toyota principle also focuses on eliminating the waste and utilizing lean production system. Toyota philosophy is to produce in amount which is needed. Just in time will eventually helps to cut the costs of quality, improves quality and lastly, better quality ends up with less inventory and better control over system. The next component of TQM is Six Sigma and it is focused on strategy to bring customer satisfaction. It describes the process, design, product in high capabilities and in more statistical sense. Sigma and its symbol means standard deviation and this particular component is used to minimize the production defect. Six Sigma Process: Source Dilioa.2009 Six Sigma has five step implementation process abbreviated as DMAIC. It means define, measure, analyze, improves and control the quality process. The diagram shown below illustrates the process of Six Sigma Six Sigma Management Kit Toyota has utilized this component of employee empowerment. Toyota has a strategy to involve the employees in every step of transformation. The main focus is given on the process improvement and providing more responsibilities to employees and authority so that they perform better. Next component of Benchmarking defines the standardization of process, service, cost and practices. The benchmarking development process involved determine what needs to benchmark, form a team and identify benchmarking partners, collecting information and analyze if the process is correctly define in terms of benchmarking and lastly, match the process to the level of benchmarking (Heizer Render, 2008, p.201). Toyota did implement the standardization of process but, the internal benchmarking should be more consistent and inclined to remove any barrier in case of different geographical sub division like Toyota has around the world. Taguchi concept believes in the fact that quality issues arise because of poor design of product or process. The concept also aimed to improve the quality by utilizing quality robustness, quality loss function and target oriented quality. Robustness means consistency in the production process to meet the consumer demand. Quality loss function is a mathematical relationship illustrated by equation L = D2C Where L = Loss to society D2 = Square of distance from targeted value or quality C = Cost of deviation at the specification limit In other words, this function identifies all cost related with poor quality and show how the cost increase as the product quality align with customer needs. The diagram shown below illustrates the distribution of specification of products produced. Target oriented quality is mechanism to bring the product to target quality through continuous improvement in process. (Heizer Render, 2008, p.203) The Taguchi Loss Function The last component of TQM is to have proper knowledge and training of using TQM tools. There are seven TQM tools defined as Check sheets, Scatter Diagram, Cause and effect diagrams, Pareto Charts, flow charts, Histograms and Statistical process control (SPC). (Heizer Render, 2008,p.204) Conclusion Toyota lacks several Deming principles and six sigma implementation steps in its program Toyota way. There is no education and training program for the employees. Also, there is no communication strategy within the various sub division of the organization. There is no program to remove the barrier and to provide openness in the work environment. The company principle lacks behind in providing any vigorous education program to bring change in form of quality improvement. Toyota way principle has also not catered fully all the aspects of six sigma component in their guiding principle. Recommendation Based on the analysis of TQM and Six Sigma concept Toyota needs to bring some major strategic changes in there processes to handle the quality defects and recall issues. Toyota needs to revise its Toyota Way program to focus more on the quality management. Although, its process and product whose standardization effect the performance. But, after this analysis it can be recommended that it is people who run those processes and they also need to give special attention for the standardization service to bring quality in product. Toyota has already undertaken the need for quality process, but it should also bring knowledge propagation, education and training for employees to bring consistency and quality in their work. The controls and performance measurement program should be made more vigorous to meet the customer expectation and gain the competitive edge as before Toyota has. The knowledge and training of TQM tools and other education program to increase the quality performance of Toyota product should be provided to employees on regular basis. The other issues related to quality improvement can be resolved by increasing the frequency of communication and company strategic philosophy in different geographical regions around the world. The company has already taken crucial steps to handle this problem by executing these three major steps. First, Toyota has unleashed the program Toyota way which consists of its core-value and respect for people principles. Toyota has also announced to provide massive training program around the world in various production facilities. In the last effort Toyota has emphasized on the facilitation of knowledge transfer and learning across its all sub division. (Toyota, 2010a) To sum up, Toyota is on the right track to fix the quality problems and company needs to have better control and supervision of this improvement process. Toyota restricting effort is in accordance to the Total quality management principle and it would benefit Toyota to regain the confidence of customer and improve quality standards in its production. Toyota has renowned name in auto industry and this research report supports the Toyota actions to correct the quality issues.
Thursday, September 19, 2019
The Truman Doctrine In order to contain Communism, President Harry S. Truman issued the Truman Doctrine in 1947, which provided aid to Greece and Turkey. The United States gave aid to those countries, specifically, because it felt they were most threatened by Communism during the time of the Cold War (Ferrell, pg.105). Communism is an economic system in which a single party controls the means of production with the aim of establishing a classless society (Encarta). The period after World War II, up until the year 1990, when The Cold War ended, was controlled by two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union. The United States was led by President Harry S. Truman, who was thrown into the presidency by the unexpected death of Franklin D. Roosevelt, and the Soviet Union was led by Joseph Stalin (McCullough, pg. 371). Each expressed different views on politics, economics and human rights. A number of events occurred which led the United States and the Soviet Union to engage in what is now known as the Cold War. The five areas of conflict were with Poland, Germany, atomic secrets, Eastern Europe, and economic rebuilding of Western Europe. The Cold War was not a war in the typical sense of the word. There were no shots fired, but rather it was a war with words. In some ways this could be considered worse than a real war because that type causes a lot more fear over what could occur at any moment and weather the threats were real or not. Those countries that sided with the United States, which were mostly Western European nations, were known as the free world. The Soviet Union, on the other hand, occupied the Eastern European nations which came to be known as the Communist Bloc (Barrons). During this time, President Harry S. Truman wanted to contain Communism before it spread world-wide. He felt that this was the crucial point and Truman responded by issuing the Truman Doctrine in 1947. Truman feared that third world countries would accept Communism. Communism 2 sounded tempting to these countries because it would equalize everyone and it may even provide those countries with a stable government (Ferrell, pg. 105). The main objective of the Truman Doctrine was to support Turkey and Greece because the United States government felt they were most threatened by Communism during the Cold War. The United States did not want Communism to spread, in fear that it would form in the United States (Encarta). The United States wanted to show the Soviet Union that they werenÃ¢â¬â¢t the world power and that the Soviets could not force Communism on other countries, especially weak, smaller countries. The Soviet Union thought they were the most
Wednesday, September 18, 2019
The Consumer and the Checking Account Fairness (CCAF) Act Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Near the end of 2004, the Check Clearing for the 21st Century Act (Check 21) went into effect, bringing with it mixed opinions on what consumers and bankers alike could expect. The now law dealt with the exchange of digitized checks opposed to physical checks, and decreased processing time drastically. The belief among many circles was that checks would begin to bounce en masse, and that the consumer would be impacted in a drastic way. This paper touches on the underlying subject of the Ã¢â¬Å"floatÃ¢â¬ as well as subsequent legislation entitled the Consumer Checking Account Fairness Act (CCAF) that addresses imperfections in Check 21. We will offer information on both acts and show how we as the consumer can expect to be affected. The Float Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ventureline.com defines the term Ã¢â¬Å"floatÃ¢â¬ as being Ã¢â¬Å"the time between the deposit of checks in a bank and when the amount is truly accessibleÃ¢â¬ (2005). This term, although unfamiliar to some, represents a time honored practice that virtually everyone, of any age, has become familiar with. With respect to our personal finances, a float is used to buy the consumer time before funds must be withdrawn from an account. It is advantageous to use from the standpoint of cash flow, as funds might not be available immediately to cover a check, but are expected. This gives the consumer a small amount of leeway in writing checks, as the float may afford the consumer several days before they must cover a check. In a business setting, things are a bit different. There are still advantages that can be realized from a cash flow standpoint, however the float is more of a tool than a resource for the business, and corporate use of the float has revolved more ar ound profit than prevention. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In every business, or household for that matter, there will always be two separate balances for cash. The first refers to the actual recorded amount on the corporate books, while the second is represented by the balance that the bank shows. The difference between these figures, or the float, means that a business can take advantage of short term cash to use for other means. For example, if a company writes $1,000 worth of checks to vendors and receives $1,000 from customers, there would be no difference in what the ... ...ve known it, is on life support. Check 21 may not have been designed for the purpose of eliminating float time, but it most certainly has achieved this as a by-product. It remains a mystery as to how much longer it will be before banks are able to spend the money to fully integrate with what has come to be known as IRDÃ¢â¬â¢s, or image replacement documents. So in the meantime, depending upon whom you bank with, or the size of the check you write, may dictate whether or not your documents are electronically sent. One thing that is certain, the advantage has now swung in the direction of the banking center, and only time will tell whether or not there will be relief under CCAF. References Bankston, Karen, Still Got Float, Credit Union Management; Jan2005 Sisk, Michael, It's Time for a Reality Check on Check 21, Bank Technology News; Jan2005 Retrieved Apr 25, 2005 from www.ventureline.com/glossary Schneider, Ivan, Cut the Fee or Wait and See?, Bank Systems & Technology, 2005, CMP media LLC. Retrieved April 26, 2005 from: www.banktech.com Schneider, Ivan, The Flap Over The Float, Bank Systems & Technology, 2005, CMP media LLC. Retrieved April 26, 2005 from: www.banktech.com
Power Of One On set in LA, it would cost $200 for a production assistant to make a music video for one day. In Ethiopia that same $200 means 100 childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s school fees for one term. In NYC, $5000 is the price of hair and makeup for one day, or one yearÃ¢â¬â¢s schooling for 145 girls in Afghanistan. Sarah McLachlan had $150,000 to make a music video for her song Ã¢â¬Å"World on FireÃ¢â¬ , instead she used the money to help 16 countries, and spent only $15 to make her video. Sarah McLachlan has been giving money to many diverse charities throughout her singing career, changing lives and brightening smiles to many people around the world. She also developed the Sarah McLachlan Foundation, which is dedicated to younger musicians. The difference that this one person made to thousands of distressed people will change their lives forever. The very talented, Canadian singer/songwriter Sarah McLachlan has made a difference in many lives around the world. Her Lilith Fair Tour had many proceeds, and she donated $600,000 of it to charities. She also participated in a benefit concert in Vancouver to raise money for cancer research. The concert raised more than $1.5 million, shattering the record of funds raised during any previous single Canadian benefit concert. Next, The Sarah McLachlan Foundation is dedicated to the advancement of music education for young people in Canada, and in particular, to benefit youth in under-served communities. This mandate reflects Sarah McLachlan's passion for music and her desire to share her success with her fellow Canadians. The Foundation currently underwrites music education programs, which Ms. McLachlan initiates in partnership with operating cultural and/or educational organizations. Lastly, Sarah McLachlanÃ¢â¬â¢s latest music video Ã¢â¬Å"World on FireÃ¢â¬ shows us that there are more important things in life then making expensive music videos. With the $150,000 she couldÃ¢â¬â¢ve spent on making a marvelous music video, she instead gave it to eleven different charities around the world that sponsor different areas of Third-World Countries. For example, $10,200 buys 2 hours of film stock or six wells, built into six different countries. In LA, catering for one day would cost $3,000, but instead it bought 10950 meals for street children in Calcutta. That $150,000 could mean just a regular paycheck to many wealthy people. To Sarah McLachlan, it meant making a difference in our not so perfect, world. Sarah McLachlan has made such an incredible difference in the lives of those living in the sixteen different countries that she lent a helping hand to. Power Of One :: Art Power Of One On set in LA, it would cost $200 for a production assistant to make a music video for one day. In Ethiopia that same $200 means 100 childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s school fees for one term. In NYC, $5000 is the price of hair and makeup for one day, or one yearÃ¢â¬â¢s schooling for 145 girls in Afghanistan. Sarah McLachlan had $150,000 to make a music video for her song Ã¢â¬Å"World on FireÃ¢â¬ , instead she used the money to help 16 countries, and spent only $15 to make her video. Sarah McLachlan has been giving money to many diverse charities throughout her singing career, changing lives and brightening smiles to many people around the world. She also developed the Sarah McLachlan Foundation, which is dedicated to younger musicians. The difference that this one person made to thousands of distressed people will change their lives forever. The very talented, Canadian singer/songwriter Sarah McLachlan has made a difference in many lives around the world. Her Lilith Fair Tour had many proceeds, and she donated $600,000 of it to charities. She also participated in a benefit concert in Vancouver to raise money for cancer research. The concert raised more than $1.5 million, shattering the record of funds raised during any previous single Canadian benefit concert. Next, The Sarah McLachlan Foundation is dedicated to the advancement of music education for young people in Canada, and in particular, to benefit youth in under-served communities. This mandate reflects Sarah McLachlan's passion for music and her desire to share her success with her fellow Canadians. The Foundation currently underwrites music education programs, which Ms. McLachlan initiates in partnership with operating cultural and/or educational organizations. Lastly, Sarah McLachlanÃ¢â¬â¢s latest music video Ã¢â¬Å"World on FireÃ¢â¬ shows us that there are more important things in life then making expensive music videos. With the $150,000 she couldÃ¢â¬â¢ve spent on making a marvelous music video, she instead gave it to eleven different charities around the world that sponsor different areas of Third-World Countries. For example, $10,200 buys 2 hours of film stock or six wells, built into six different countries. In LA, catering for one day would cost $3,000, but instead it bought 10950 meals for street children in Calcutta. That $150,000 could mean just a regular paycheck to many wealthy people. To Sarah McLachlan, it meant making a difference in our not so perfect, world. Sarah McLachlan has made such an incredible difference in the lives of those living in the sixteen different countries that she lent a helping hand to.
Tuesday, September 17, 2019
Nelson Mandela was a man of honor. A man who sacrificed his life for the betterment of others. He was born July 18, 1918 in South Africa. He grew up in a segregated country. He later became an activist against apartheid. He protested and paraded the country. He got arrested and spends the next 27 years in prison. He still did not give up the fight against apartheid. After getting out of prison he became the first democratic elected president of South Africa from 1991 to 1997. After his presidency he created several nonprofit organizations to help and make South Africa better. Nelson Mandela was a man who doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t care what people say or think about him. He always does what he thinks is right even when the majority disagrees with him he still goes on doing what he thinks is best. When he started fighting to end apartheid, he knew that he was sacrificing his life. He knew that his life was shortened. That death was near, but he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t care because he knows that his sacrifice will pay off eventually. Nelson Mandela was born in South Africa. All through his childhood, living in South Africa as a black man was brutal because of the apartheid. There was different school for black children. Restaurants were segregated, maids were used as slaves. Growing up, the rule at that time was that at 6 pm, a siren would sound, which meant that no black people were allowed on the streets after that time. If they are caught by the police they had to show prove of identity. If they couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t produce this, they were arrested and put in jail. Black South Africans owned noting during that era. No houses, no cars and they werenÃ¢â¬â¢t allowed to have accounts of any kind. Even at the mall there were different bathrooms for white people. Park benches were segregated public water fountains were segregated. Almost everything starting from the public transit to owning an apartment was separated between whites and blacks in South Africa. In 1961, Nelson Mandela became leader of the armed wing branch of government. He protested all over the country, sabotaging the apartheid government. Since the non-violent way of trying to end apartheid is not working, he devices a plan which call to destroying several government buildings. Such as, the post office, the police station and other government offices. It worked great until citizens started getting killed in the buildings. The police arrested him on numerous occasions, with no solid evidence they let him go. Finally they arrested him for treason and sabotaging the government. After getting arrested he was sentenced to 27years in prison. In the winter of 1964, Nelson Mandela arrived on Robben Island where he would spend 18 years of his 27 years prison sentence. Put in a small cell, with no bed, just a bucket for a toilet, he was forced to do hard labor in a quarry. He was granted one visitor a year for 30 minutes. He could write and receive one letter every six months. But Robben Island became the place, which transformed him. Through his intelligence, charm and relentless pursuit, Mandela eventually controlled even the most brutal prison officers to his will. He gained leadership over his prison mates and became the head of his own prison.
Monday, September 16, 2019
Why spend life with hatred? Life is too short to have such negativity. It takes a lot of hurt, and anger, and betrayal for me to hate someone. Love and hate are two things that go hand in hand but in complete opposite ways. You can make me mad or say hurtful things and I will orgive you, but when you disappoint me and betray me over and over again is when hatred takes its place.When I think of the words love and hate I think of my father. It all began for as long as I can remember my dad always had a drinking problem. IVe never seen my father sober even till today every time I see him he has some kind of beer or alcoholic beverage in his hand. Alcoholism is a disease that my father is very sick with. He grew up with two sisters and a brother. He wasn't raised in a great household.My grandmother and grandfather got divorced when my father was about five years old but he was abused everyday by both my grandmother and grandfather. This brings me to my story. When I was about three years old my parents fought everyday about my fathers drinking problem as it progressively escalated with time. My mom worked overnights at children's hospital, while my father was supposed to be watching me and my sisters.
Sunday, September 15, 2019
Also I was undersized compared to the other players. After graduation no colleges gave me scholarships for playing football. Being undersized and playing averagely I wasn't the best athlete. I tried out for the Kilgore Junior College's football team in nineteen sixty four, but they told me that I wasn't good enough to play for them. I was finally accepted to Yankton College in South Dakota; I started taking steroids to play football better after being accepted, in order to play better and to insure my place on their football team.In nineteen seventy one I was the Denver Broncos fourth draft pick. I was a defensive lineman the same as in high school. I became a formidable player by the end of my rookie year. I outran, outwit, authenticated everybody. All along I was taking steroids and I saw that they made me play better and better. In nineteen seventy seven, I was named the Oaf's defensive player of the year and the defensive lineman of the year. I went from being and average player in high school, to being a feared professional football player in Just a few years.I was so wild about winning, it's all I cared about, I never talked about anything else, and steroids helped me keep on winning. In nineteen eighty four, I retired from football due to an injury to my Achilles tendon, which I believe was cause by my steroid use. I tried to make a comeback in nineteen ninety with the Raiders but I immediately had a knee injury that prevented me from playing. By the end of my football career I was name all-pro twice and had a total of ninety seven sacks In one hundred ninety six games. I had done well for someone who had no hope In high school of playing professional oddball.All during my college and professional football career I was taking steroids. I spent around thirty thousand dollars a year on steroids. All the time on the field I was fierce, mean, and determined to win, but off the field I had a hard time turning these emotions off. One of my teammates described me as have a split personality, Ã¢â¬Å"on the field he projected a tough image,Ã¢â¬ He said. But off the field I was like a gentle giant. When the game was over, I would be plagued with mood swings from the steroids; I could keep a good relationship with people.I was married four times over the course of my football career. Once a man sideswiped my car in Denver and I followed him home and beat him up In his front yard. I couldn't control my anger. I abused my second wife so much that she called the police five times on me during the course of our marriage. In March of nineteen ninety one, during my wedding to my fourth wife Kathy, I had a hard time keeping my balance while walking. A month later I was diagnosed with a chemotherapy treatment, in an attempt to cure the brain tumor.I died over a year after being diagnosed in my home in Portland, Oregon. I told Sports Illustrated before my death that I had started taking steroids in nineteen sixty nine and never stooped. I wanted to tell others to stop taking steroids. It wasn't worth it to me, steroids caused me to become detached from my friends and family, I couldn't keep a good relationship due to the mood swings caused by my steroid use. Ultimately my death was caused by steroids, they had made my appear strong on the outside while they wrecked my mind and body.
Saturday, September 14, 2019
There has been a lot of talk lately concerning the possibility of computers replacing the position of books in our life. I believe it is truly possible. Many years ago, people used books for everything related to education. In fact, the humanÃ¢â¬â¢s best source of knowledge and education was the book. But computers have gained popularity in a very short amount of time and everyone at least has one somewhere around their house. We have the need to use computers for everything. All we have to do is give the computer instructions and it does all the hard work for us. I am going to discuss the benefits that computer has to offer to its users. Firstly, computers are much better than books because a modern computer can hold a billion times more information than the average 400-800-page book. If you want to do a research about anything, it would take you at least an hour just to find the right book but by using a computer, you can find the same information in less than 5 minutes. Many people including me use the internet as a dictionary, finding definitions, so this way only takes the time to type the word. A laptop computer equal to the size and weight of a book holds data about any topic you can think of. A book only covers a specific topic. A computer can hold much more types of data than a book. When you carry one computer, you are carrying a hundred thousand books. Secondly, everyone would agree that an e-books cost much less to produce and less to buy than an actual paper books. The information in a digital format can be shared easily by email or by copying the files onto someone elseÃ¢â¬â¢s computer or simply by transferring it into your USB drive. It is also easier to edit the information. This makes it overall more convenient for students who might not be able to afford one copy of a book each and who donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to make notes and underline points. Free information means at least cheap education. Who would not like a cheaper education? There are numerous websites like Google (search free textbooks in your subject area) and Google books, permit students with a limited budget to get what they want without having to spend large amounts of cash. Free e-books make education accessible and cheap thus more widespread. Last but not least, the most obvious reason why computers are making our lives better is by reducing the number of trees that are cut down for the production of books. I agree that an eBook is not 100 percent green and is far from it. But if you are comparing eBooks to other paperback books, eBooks certainly take the lead. According to Ã¢â¬Å"The e-Book ApocalypseÃ¢â¬ article, twenty-four trees are required to produce a ton of paper for printing books, and twelve are needed for a ton of newsprint. Thirty-five percent of those books printed are destroyed before they are even read. In 2009, eBook readers took off and the latest reading trend began to grow. In 2010, these reading devices became more popular and started sparking the attention of people everywhere. Some of this attention came from the idea that this new was a huge breakthrough in an effort to save our planet, which I find most definitely possible. To conclude, I understand change, whether it is for the good or the bad, is always a difficult and uncomfortable thing. That is the only reason why the whole world has not yet made the shift from traditional books to e-books. Now, there might be few advantages to paper. But I see a lot more advantages to digital. The fact that I now carry about a hundred books with me, wherever I go, that I can read whenever I want, outweighs any advantage a paper book could give me. Digital books are here to stay and there is no doubt that within a few years we will look at paper books as something saved from the past.
Friday, September 13, 2019
Innovation in management services in supply chains(SCM) - Essay Example Importance of innovation Innovation is best described as the development and creation of unique possibilities for making value added contributions in a particular industry. The entire process of innovation goes beyond the traditional method of implementing new manufacturing processes or developing innovative products because it comprises of much broader aspects such as innovation in the market, organization and input resources (Kim, Kumar, & Kumar, 2012; Ozturen & Sevil, 2009). Innovation in tourism and hospitality industry In the last few years, the researchers such as Boon-itt and Pongpanarat (2011), Martinez-Ros and Orfila-Sintes (2009) and Spekman, Spear and Kamauff (2002) have done extensive studies on the role of innovation in service sector especially tourism and hospitality industry. Tourism and hospitality industry consists of many areas and dimensions and the study is catered across different elements. As the world has become global, travelling to different destinations wor ldwide is now the favorite leisure activity of majority of the consumers of any society. It has been reported by many countries such as France, USA, UK, Malaysia, Singapore, Turkey, China and Canada that the number of tourists is increasing at a faster pace than expected (Nassiry, Ghorban, & Nasiri, 2012). In order to provide exceptional tourism experience to the visitors, the tourism and hospitality industry of each country has to introduce innovative products and services that will meet the expectation level of the customers (Anthony, Johnson, & Sinfield, 2008). This industry is mainly made up of tour operators, travel agencies, hotels and accommodation service providers and airline companies. One of the key areas of focus by the players in the respective industry is the development of an effective Supply Chain Management (SCM) that ensures that the tourists are provided the most satisfying level of services (Zhang, Song, & Huang, 2009). Real life examples of SCM initiatives and i nnovations Since the demands of customers change at an accelerating pace in each market, it is required by every company to closely monitor the changing patterns of innovation requirements in the products and services. The customers of tourism and hospitality industry are looking for open service innovation which was the concept introduced by FedEx. Almost all the firms existing in the industry have ensured that they employ the latest technology in their services so that they have a strong presence in the market (Gunasekara, 2006). The consumers need to know about the tourism and hospitality industries so that they develop an interest in trying out the services. Some of the initiatives that have been observed in the Tourism supply chain (TSC) are integration of supplier and buyer relationship (Rizova, 2006), taking the suppliers on board when developing new products so that the feasibility of the project can be effectively designed (Handfield & Lawson, 2008) and eliminating the unne cessary intermediary steps so that the cost can be saved to a much larger extent (Miles, 2008). Such types of initiatives is a necessary act to be conducted by the organisations as
Thursday, September 12, 2019
Money in politics - Essay Example However, National Football League (NFL) gave donations to political parties and politicians to cover up for the evils they do to the players such as the way they deal with retired or injured players (The Center for Responsive Politics). What do organizations expect to get in return after donation enormous cash to specific politicians? Money does not always bring election victory. For example, Romney had colossal donations than Obama, but he never won (The Center for Responsive Politics). Sometimes overspending in election may result to financial difficulties. For example, Democratic Party was left with a debt of $21.5million which is quite enormous even if the PartiesÃ¢â¬â¢ presidential candidate won the election. It was not pleasing for FBI to invade the office of one of the supporters of Senator Menedez Robert in South Florida (The Center for Responsive Politics). America is a mature and democratic nation where freedom of individuals should be respected without any infringement. However, it is promising that the workers unions are continuing to strengthen especially for the public servants. In the Center for Responsive Politics (The Politics of Super Bowl XLVII), It is fascinating how some people can get rich from politics while others are becoming poorer. Senator Tom Harkin (D-Lowa) who has a chance of being re-elected in 2014 has no interest in politics and intends to retire after serving the current term. He managed to save $2.8 million from campaign donations, whereas some people were left in debt. It is unhealthy for institutions to spend a lot of resources to influence their decisions in the states affairs, whereas the state should equal protection and representation of institutions at all governance levels. Politics should be based on individual performance and potential without monetary influence
Wednesday, September 11, 2019
Manifesto report and Stakeholders - Essay Example Energy which is the economic drive is another resource which we have to reduce its uses and try to come up with renewable sources of energy. My government will fund innovations geared towards production of renewable sources of energy. Funding these innovations will be one way of creating employment to the unemployed citizens as well as increasing our nationÃ¢â¬â¢s income. This will ensure that we will be having continuous supply of energy to run our nationÃ¢â¬â¢s activities be it industrial or official as well more employment opportunities for the unemployed citizens. We are looking forward to subsidize the prices of fertilizers by 10% to make them more affordable to the farmers so that they can produce healthy produce and increase their annual yield. However, it is my wish that we adopt to using manure instead of the inorganic fertilizers which is eco-friendly and very cheap since the manure is readily available in our farms (Fukuoka, 1985). If we will be spending less than we earn, it means that our national income will increase, in which new opportunities will be created leading to employment to thousands to our jobless citizens (Chester , G. A., 2013). This will also mean that the cost of production for the locally manufactured goods will be low hence low inflation. A nation with low inflation rate of less than 5% attracts more investors to come and invest and also enhances its international trade, which is my governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s mission. My government will work hand in hand with the European dimensions as they help us in several ways like teaching us on how the global markets are doing, which product is selling well in the market, reducing levies on European countries hence help in promoting trade amongst its member states. We are ready to work together with European dimension as this means that even labor can be moved from our country to the others at cheap charges which in return will
Tuesday, September 10, 2019
Analytical report of GUCCI - Essay Example Analytical report of GUCCI The company also offers products such as sportswear and purses. This company has distribution points and retail stores in all parts of the globe. It also has wholesale points where it sells its products. These include the departmental stores, duty-free boutiques, directly owned stores and franchise stores. Since its establishment, the company has continuously expanded to other markets in the world. It started with its first store in Florence and later to New York, and at present, the company has over 250 directly owned stores and 40 franchised stores. Notably, during its Gucci progress, the company acquired numerous companies. The acquired companies include Bottega Veneta, Sergio Rossi, and Yves Saint Laurent Gauche. Gucci is typified as of traditional craftsmanship; high fashion and Italian style and offers beautifully crafted voluptuous items with an intensive modern sensibility. Since the establishment of the company in 1921 by Guccio Gucci, the brand name has been the preferred c hoice of brand among astute men and women. Gucci typifies the outstanding goods made in Italy with their matchless and unique amalgamation of high craftsmanship, modern glamour and luxury. This company is committed to superiority and distinction and has dedicated employees who have enhanced the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s legacy with a rigorous offering of analytically celebrated fashion collections and other lifestyle goods. Each of GucciÃ¢â¬â¢s items is accompanied by a centuryÃ¢â¬â¢s worth of craftsmanship quality and exceptional design. Gucci has been in operation for 90 years now and prepares itself for 90 more years ahead. The company is dedicated to its function in the society, from philanthropy to sustainability. The company has progressively been involved in activities that seek to reduce its environmental effects and has been engaged in activities that promote womenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights (Gucci, 2013). Gucci has encountered myriad transitions since its establishment as a luggage compan y. It primarily sold voluptuous leather items, and within a few years the company had become renowned among the international astute clientele. GucciÃ¢â¬â¢s primary goal since this period has been to become the group leader in the opulence products market at a world-wide level and maintain the position. The companyÃ¢â¬â¢s global presence was developed when the company first established a store in New York, United states in 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s. This made the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s items attract the attention of many celebrities in the nation such as Grace Kelly, Jackie Kennedy and Audrey Hepburn. Notably, the company even went to the extent of naming one of its products, a bag, as Ã¢â¬Å"Jackie OÃ¢â¬ (Zargani & Luisa, 2006). GucciÃ¢â¬â¢s goals also include coordinating a standard and global planning process, diminish global complexity from the diverse regions, and enhance system accuracy and lessen business risks. Gucci also aims to double its customer base from 500 million to almost on e billion by 2020. The organization has been targeting emergent markets and is on the pathway. It has done exceptionally well in India and China, where it has intensified its penetration through premium and mass brands. Additionally, Gucci upholds a sustainable development program that engrosses numerous environmentally accountable approaches and the
Monday, September 9, 2019
Week Two Learning Team Reflection - Essay Example Waldo had previously tried to explain to her supervisor several times that she is being subject to sexual harassment and violence. There are certain employee rights which are to be abided by all companies because the government has laid down strict rules and regulations with respect to human respect and to ensure that there is no discrimination with respect to gender and race. These rules are set to ensure that the employees are not abused in any manner. Harassment issues are a common problem and that is why law a law has been implemented. Waldo did not keep quiet about her harassment by the employer. Waldo claimed that her current employer subjected her to gender discrimination, hostile work environment, and retaliation under state and federal law. Waldo took the company to the court to claim her rightful place in the society and to punish the company for its wrongful behavior in order to ensure that it is not repeated again and again with other employees. Several trials were held in this regard and the employer was punished by awarding Waldo a lump-sum amount of $400,000 in compensatory damage and $7,500,000 in punitive damage (MOORE,
Sunday, September 8, 2019
Religious Differences in the Society - Essay Example We believe in the holy sacrament and repentance through the Holy Fathers who have been anointed among the followers to devote their lives for GodÃ¢â¬â¢s service on earth. The Fathers are not allowed to marry or live with their families. Catholic sisters also do not marry. Some are professionals who serve the society throughout their life time. Being Catholics makes us a unique group in the society where majority are Protestants. They do not believe in the Holy mother of Jesus and in some instances we are traumatized when some of them casually claim that we worship idols. This is especially based on the rosary that we use when praying. We understand quite well that we pray the same God with the Protestants but many are not convinced of the similarity. Apart from the general Protestant group, there is still further divergence between us and those among them who are Seventh Day Adventists. We are looked down as people with shortfalls as regards worship of God. They believe in salvatio n on earth while we believe in salvation at the end of life. They also question the credibility of celibacy among Catholic fathers and sisters, with many regarding it as disguise of evil actions.
Cost eficiency of Opaque Network System, Transient Network System and Translucent network system of Mesh Optical Network System - Research Paper Example However, service providers require low cost network to optimize profit. This paper analyzes installation cost of opaque networking system, transparent networking and translucent networking systems as types of optical mesh networks. To examine Optical mesh network types and analyze their installation cost effective factor one needs to base observation on the following basic network service providers concern for a core optical mesh. Cheap network elements that will not cost the operator a lot in procuring and installing or that needs less re-engineering. Non-proprietary constrained network utilities, option of buying from different vendors Scalability with low footing expense Service assurance with capacity and redundancy Fault detection and management beyond installation Transparent network This Optical network sends signal from source to destination in form of light path. The optical information is passed through optical switch and routers from the initial generator to final destinat ion. The wavelength doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t undergo optic-electric conversion (O/E), client network element like a router will interface by use of long haul optics to communicate with the wavelength division multiplexer, making it to remain in the same wavelength. Meaning the information remains in optical domain (OOO) and there is no optical-electronic-optical (OEO) conversion, only a small switching fabric is needed to interconnect the wavelength division multiplexers and client element nodes. Remaining in optical domain creates a simple node architecture at its intermediate switch nodes since no electronic switching fabrics is needed to access wave division multiplexers (WDM), this saves cost and space. It employs nodes like directionless / colorless Reconfigurable Optical Add Drop Multiplexers (ROADM) or Optical Cross Connects (OXC). It is also easy to carry out an upgrade of such a network because of insensitivity of data rate change and protocol of light channel. Transparent network ca n also employ another cost effective architecture switch that may include a single large fabric instead of multiple switch matrices of small port counts but this also contributes negatively on lack of flexibility. However it has draw backs. According to Boullet and Ellinas, Ã¢â¬Å"if one is to provide flexibility, such an architecture design would require the use of tunable lasers at the clients and wavelength conversion. Since signal from client remain on the same wavelength when there is no wavelength conversion only a small size switch fabric is needed to interconnect the WDMs and NEs in a node, which translates to switch scalabilityÃ¢â¬ (Boullet & Ellinas, p. 5). Inflexibility leads to increased band width and network operational cost. This negates the saving advantage. Transparent networks needs a centralized planning of each link, this is because of disjoint links since no conversion of the wavelength occurs creating a network of n, where n is the number of WDM channels. Th is builds a network for unrestricted routing and redundancy capacity sharing involving only optical but would lead to increased bandwidth and network cost. On regeneration
Saturday, September 7, 2019
The Yellow Wallpaper Essay Throughout the study of literature, it is believed that most works cannot be fully understood without a biographical strategy. In order to understand a work, the reader must understand the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s life and experiences to grasp the full concept of that work. In Charlotte Perkins GilmanÃ¢â¬â¢s short story Ã¢â¬Å"The Yellow Wallpaper,Ã¢â¬ Gilman uses symbolism, personification, and other literary tools to portray the way women were treated throughout this particular era. Gilman also uses a romanticism approach when writing Ã¢â¬Å"The Yellow WallpaperÃ¢â¬ . The narrator believes that the woman trapped in the wallpaper, symbolizes her and all the other women living in the male dominant society. Romanticism represents an art for arts sake. Born in 1860, Charlotte Perkins Gilman was forced into an era of male supremacy. Gilman was abandoned by her father from infancy and often left into the care of relatives including Harriet Beecher Stowe and feminist activists, Isabella Beecher Hooker and Catherine Beecher. Strong and influential women, struggling for their place in a male dominant world, shaped GilmanÃ¢â¬â¢s childhood. The women made Gilman an independent young lady, teaching her importance of exercise and philosophy, over that of clothes and jewelry. At the age of 24, Gilman married her first husband, Charles Walter Stetson. After having her daughter the next year, Gilman went into a deep depression. The noted neurologist, S. Weir Mitchell, examined her. He told her to follow his Ã¢â¬Ërest cureÃ¢â¬â¢ of complete bed rest and limited intellectual activity. This meant no writing. Gilman realized that this ridiculous cure was actually driving her more insane, so she removed herself from Mitchells care. When her health got better during a trip to California she paired her emotional problems to her marriage and decided to leave her husband. In 1900, Gilman married for the second time to her cousin George Houghton Gilman. Gilman continued her feministic journey until discovering she was diagnosed with Breast Cancer. She left a final note that read, Ã¢â¬Å"When one is assured of unavoidable and imminent death, it is the simplest of human rights to choose a quick and easy death in place of a slow and horrible one. Charlotte Perkins Gilman took her life on August 17, 1935, in Pasadena, California, at the age of 75. GilmanÃ¢â¬â¢s main intent in Ã¢â¬Å"The Yellow Wallpaper,Ã¢â¬ is to portray the way women were viewed and treated during this time period. In the later 19th century, men were the superior race. Women oftentimes went from being born into a house with a father; to being married off to someone they werenÃ¢â¬â¢t exactly happy to be with, leaving no time for a woman to experience life without someone Ã¢â¬Å"in-chargeÃ¢â¬ of them. Gilman did not want to be like other woman of this time, she redefined womanhood, proclaiming that men and women were to be equal. This Ã¢â¬Ënew womanÃ¢â¬â¢ was to be an intelligent, well-informed, and well-educated free thinker, the creator and expresser of her own ideas. She was to be economically self-sufficient, socially independent, and politically active. She would share the opportunities, duties, and responsibilities of the workplace with men, and together they would share the solitude of the hearth. Finally, the new woman was to be as informed, assertive, confident, and influential as she was compassionate, nurturing, loving, sensitivea woman of the world as well as of the home. Gilmans vision of an autonomous female challenged not only the traditional cult of true womanhood but the concepts and values of family, home, religion, community, capitalism, and democracy. Ã¢â¬ (De Simone) Ã¢â¬Å"The Yellow Wallpaper,Ã¢â¬ starts off with the main character, Jane, talking of a Ã¢â¬Å"colonial mansion,Ã¢â¬ that seems to be a place to vacation. Gilman gives detail of this set-back home that almost gives the reader an eerie feeling, which foreshadows events to come. When Jane starts to describe her husband, she gives the sense that he mocks her and he often laughs at her. This symbolization gives insight to her own life where she often felt mocked and taken for granted by men. As the story goes in deeper, Jane tells that she is going to the house because of the rest care she was prescribed, very similar to that of GilmanÃ¢â¬â¢s. When they get to the house, Jane enables the reader to see the room with the yellow wallpaper. The windows were barred and there were restraints on the bed and she tells of scratches on the walls and ceilings. Jane believes that this room could have been a nursery or a babysitting room, but this does not make sense because when Jane reaches out to scratch the walls, she can barely even touch. How could a young child have ever reached if Jane, a grown woman, could not? As time goes on, Jane gradually learns to enjoy the room she is staying in, except for the dreaded yellow wallpaper. After being in the room for so long and dwelling on the wallpaper, Jane discovers someone trapped behind it. Jane believes she is getting better in health, but secretly is becoming obsessed with the woman, or so she believes, behind the wallpaper. Throughout the story, Gilman uses the romanticism approach. Romanticism expresses sensibility and passion. A romantic writer incorporates symbols, myths and images in their writing to help tell the story. Jane recognizes herself as the women trapped in the wallpaper. She believes that it symbolizes her feeling trapped in the house and under the control of her husband. She uses the Gilman tells of the room with barred windows and restraints as if it were a normalcy. Reading more into the story, the reader can gather that Gilman was symbolizing this room as a woman in a manÃ¢â¬â¢s world. The windows are barred, showing that there is no escape from that way, as there is no escaping a man in the universe. The restraints symbolize that a man can hold a woman back, along with keeping her close so that she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t wander off. The idea of the woman creeping behind the paper mirrors Jane creeping to write, while being told that it is not recommended for her treatment. Although the ideas may be far out, the story that Gilman tells reflects her own life in many ways. When Gilman introduces the woman behind the wallpaper, itÃ¢â¬â¢s almost as if she is introducing herself into the story. Jane possesses many qualities and characteristics that Gilman portrayed in her own life and when Jane sees the woman in the wallpaper, itÃ¢â¬â¢s just like GilmanÃ¢â¬â¢s conflict with her own mind. It symbolizes a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s want to break away from society and be her own person in this world that has a complete control over her. Whether itÃ¢â¬â¢s a father, husband, or even brother, this time period focused on maleÃ¢â¬â¢s first. The woman was told what to do and how to act and there was no room left for questions or disobedience. Ã¢â¬Å"Life is very much more exciting now than it used to be. You see I have something more to expect, to look forward to, to watch. I really do eat better, and am more quiet than I was. John is so pleased to see me improve! He laughed a little the other day, and said I seemed to be flourishing in spite of my wall-paper. Ã¢â¬ (Gilman 165) This quote displays JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s new obsession with the wallpaper and the thought that she is truly getting better. The fact that she mentions JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s happiness with her health leads the reader to think that he is a caring man, but after understanding GilmanÃ¢â¬â¢s own life, makes the reader see him as the domineering husband that he is. Ã¢â¬â¢Ive got out at last,Ã¢â¬â¢ said I, Ã¢â¬Ëin spite of you and Jane. And Ive pulled off most of the paper, so you cant put me back! Ã¢â¬â¢ Now why should that man have fainted? But he did, and right across my path by the wall, so that I had to creep over him every time! Ã¢â¬ This last quote is one of the most meaningful parts of the entire short story. While saying this, Jane makes herself become the woman in the wallpaper. Not only is it just a thought anymore, but when she lashes at her husband by saying Ã¢â¬Å"you and Jane,Ã¢â¬ Jane loses her sense of identity and takes on the role of the woman behind the wallpaper. She tells him that he cannot put her back, symbolizing that Jane does no longer want to be restrained to the room, nor him. Even after he faints, he is still in JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s way, leaving her to creep around him still. Ã¢â¬Å"Even while considering herself a writer, and implying that she could have been a notable artist, throughout her life, Gilman qualified her artistic achievements by insisting that what she had done was Ã¢â¬Ëperfect of its kind, but not art'; that she was devoted to Ã¢â¬Ëliterature and lecturing,Ã¢â¬â¢ but that her writing was Ã¢â¬Ënot, in the artistic sense, literature. (Heilmann) Gilman was an impeccable example of what happens when a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s potential is seen over. She led a successful life and her work has helped the female race raise awareness of their capability in life. Although Gilman lived a long time ago, her work then has given females today a better understanding of where they have been, but also where they are going.